Biomass is a renewable energy source that can be used to produce both heat and electricity. It can potentially play a key role in reducing CO2 emissions from existing coal power plants. Vattenfall has a long history of working with biomass heat production, and plans to increase co-firing of biomass in coal-fired power plants to reduce CO2 emissions.
Vattenfall is one of the world's largest purchasers of biomass for energy production. The biomass used by Vattenfall is comprised primarily of the biogenic part of household and industrial waste (around 65 per cent), while the rest is equally divided between forestry by-products and agricultural by-products (around 17 per cent each).
Over 30 of Vattenfall's heating and power plants are powered entirely or partially by biomass. We use a total of over three million tonnes per year, placing Vattenfall in an industry-leading position. One per cent of Vattenfall's electricity production comes from biomass, and 14 per cent of our heat production.
Vattenfall runs several biomass projects in Europe.
The future of biomass
Vattenfall is constantly working to increase the use of biomass in its hard coal power plants. Biomass plays a central role in Vattenfall's efforts to reduce its CO2 emissions. In the medium term, biomass is the renewable energy source with the most growth potential. Since biomass can be co-fired in coal plants, it is an effective way of reducing CO2 emissions.